However, there are four cardinal virtues included in the traditional list. Also, as compared to other ethical theories which can be a threat to morality and are confusing, Virtue Ethics is a holistic approach that it considers the totality of a person, including the skills, character traits and emotions.
Virtue theorists can consider murder as an immoral act which makes it unsuitable to be used as a moral act when it comes to legislation, say in court. Here are the presented strengths and weaknesses of this approach: Modern governments except those of which are Dictatorships cannot make ethical decisions on the basis of individual character traits, they need to look at the consequences of actions on the population as a whole.
Without Focus Critics of virtue ethics say that this theory lacks focus when it comes to determining the types of actions that are morally acceptable and permitted from the ones that should be avoided.
Having said this, Virtue Ethics serves as a shield against polluting the minds of individuals and making them bad people. Also, who decides what a good virtue is? A good life is something inherently worth having, unlike justice which is worth having because it leads to a good life.
Aristotle believed that the best way to reach eudaimonia was to live peacefully in society with others thinking about their interests and we should together develop and use qualities from others that are most productive for all of us.
Robert Louden stated that as Virtue Ethics is focused on the individual, it neither resolves nor attempts to resolve big moral dilemmas. An example of this would be doing something wrong and your parents telling you off, Aristotle believed that eventually you would feel the guilt before doing the act so therefore through practice you become a better type of person and your virtue becomes second nature.
Eudaimonia is the idea of ideal happiness and it is the highest good, because we desire it for its own sake and not as a means to an end.
Coined during the 20th century, Virtue Ethics was revived by ethicists to bring about change from deontology and consequentialism. Examines the moral agent unlike many other ethical theories. This is a weakness of virtue ethics. It is also considered to be not action-guiding.
Strengths of Virtue Ethics 1. Sense of Community Virtue Ethics motivates an individual to have high regard to personal relationships and encourage or motivates a person to be sensitive of others and take care of other people.
Aristotle defined good as something that fulfils its end purpose and the telos of humanity is to be rational, Aristotle then went on to say that the ergo of reason is virtue and therefore our telos is there to be rational so therefore we can only achieve virtue thorough using reason.
The theory of Virtue Ethics makes it possible for people to be better individuals and members of society who are willing to help other people, thinking of others first over personal interest.
It may help make the moral agent virtuous but it does not give any answers relating to an ethical crisis. Better People Virtues such as generosity, honesty, compassion, friendliness, assertiveness and the like are already present in people and should be practiced in everyday living.
This is because it leads people to rely on luck when it comes to attaining moral maturity. So, he is saying that good people perform good actions. The firm, the enduring, the simple, and the modest are near to virtue.
However, what if your parents never punished you for being bad, or you lived a very good childhood and never did anything bad in the first place - how would you learn these moral virtues from?
It places virtues at the centre of morality.
The Golden Mean cannot be universally applied to all people in all situations e. This is due to the difference in opinions and perspectives of people who are inherently different from each other and came from diverse cultures and societies. Aristotle also argues that once virtuous characteristics are natural to us then we will automatically do the right thing.Strengths Weaknesses Holistic view of human nature.
Reason is applied through phronesis or practical wisdom, but unlike Kant, the emotions are not ignored, as virtue ethics is holistic (includes emotion in the building of character). Enter your email address to subscribe Bloody A Levels and receive notifications of new posts by email.
Email Address. Billie on Strengths and Weaknesses of Virtue Ethics. Rosa Pastran on Strengths and Weaknesses of Virtue Ethics. 4 years ago Example Essays, Philosophy of Religion, Religious Language. Virtue Ethics and Business Ethics Essay - Virtue Ethics and Business Ethics When considering Aristotelian ethics and then placing them in the context of modern business practices, it is important to note that the Greek paradigm was very different to that of our own in the modernist age.
Virtue ethics is less a normative theory of what we should to do than a descriptive account of the limits and capabilities of human beings. If humans are creatures that tend toward habituation, then moral educators would do well to heed this fact in.
versions of Virtue Ethics address the weaknesses of Aristotle’s teachings on virtue? Aristotle’s idea of Virtue Ethics was influenced by his belief that all things and all humans have a purpose (a telos).
Hume and the Ethics of Virtue Essay. I argue that Hume's ethics can be characterized as a virtue ethics, by which I mean a view.
Aug 04, · Virtue ethics is the ethics of us as persons and argues that morality is not about duties. There are a number of arguments for and against virtue ethics, and most for argue for the formation and growth of us via phronesis or practical wisdom, which allows us to make the right decisions by using our conscience.Download